Prostate cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer. It affects the prostate gland which is located below the bladder in the male reproductive system. Even though prostate cancer is fairly common it is also highly-treatable if it is caught early. If the cancerous tumor is found before it spreads into any other tissues or organs it can be treated with either surgery or radiation. Both of these methods are considered extremely effective, with high-survival rates. If prostate cancer is not caught early, however, it can be more difficult to treat. The signs of prostate cancer are not always easy to recognize, and in many cases, the cancer can grow for an extended period of time without giving any physical indication that something is wrong. This is why it is extremely important for men over the age of forty to have regular screenings. When symptoms do occur, it is usually because an enlarged prostate is pressing on other organs. For this reason, symptoms of prostate cancer tend to be related to the bladder and other parts of the male reproductive system. This article will cover some of the most common signs and symptoms related to prostate cancer.
Since the prostate is located near the bladder and urethra, changes to its size tend to affect these organs. When symptoms of prostate cancer do occur, they are often related to urination. The type of symptoms that a man with prostate cancer may experience will depend on the size and location of the cancerous tumor, but some of the most common urinary symptoms of prostate cancer include: burning or pain during urination, difficulty urinating, frequent urges to urinate at night, inability to control the bladder, decrease in the flow and velocity or the urine stream, and blood in the urine. Any of these symptoms could be related to prostate enlargement, but they are not necessarily indicative of cancer. There are a wide-range of possible explanations for difficulties with urination, however, it is always prudent to speak with a doctor about any health concerns.
Other Signs and Symptoms
If prostate cancer spreads it can impact other nearby tissues and bones. If this happens a wide range of other symptoms can occur. Some of these other symptoms are related to the male reproductive system and can include things like blood in semen, erectile dysfunction, and painful ejaculation. Other symptoms are related to pressure on the spinal nerve and bones. These signs can include things like: swelling in the legs and hips, numbness or pain in the hips or lower extremities, and persistent bone pain and fractures. As with the urinary symptoms, having these kinds of symptoms does not necessarily mean that a man has prostate cancer, but it is a good idea to talk to a doctor if they occur.
Prostate cancer is a common form of cancer that can be effectively treated if caught early. It can be difficult to detect, however, without regular screenings. Physical symptoms are not always present when a man has prostate cancer, but difficulties related to urination and pain and discomfort around the legs and hips are signs of prostate cancer that should not be ignored.